Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

The most typical query I am requested by people making a primary enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What is normally meant by this is, 'What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not concentrate on one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting emotions and thinking have similarities, and largely reply to therapy in related ways.

So the reply to the question 'What kinds of problem do you provide counselling for?' could be something like 'Difficulties with feelings and thinking', slightly than particular single issues like, say, 'low self worth', or 'fear of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy offers with the whole person, and does not normally separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a normal rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialize in specific types of challenge, typically ones which make use of a particular resolution-based mostly approach. Counselling for addictions is an obvious instance, a specialism which usually involves a progressive, guided programme. Others might be bereavement or eating problems. Specific part of the population, reminiscent of young folks or women, may also be identified as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, but on the entire these use the identical methods as some other psychological counselling. The primary distinction could be that the agency has been set up to cope with that particular situation or group, has acquired funding for it, and so focuses it is resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist could deal in a particlar space because it has especially interested them, or they've achieved additional training in it, or possibly had particular expertise of the problem themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists mean after they communicate of various types of therapy is the distinction within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not in the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a brief description of every type of approach and it's subdivisions is past the scope of this article. I will therefore limit it to the two principal approaches which I employ myself, Individual Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Particular person Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Individual Centred approach is the idea that the Counsellor is a 'guest' on this planet of the consumer's expertise, with all that this implies relating to respect and trust.

The consumer is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that she or he is aware of someplace, by some means, what they want, and that they have a desire for growth. The counsellor will help deliver these right into awareness and assist the shopper to utilise them.

One other central idea is 'circumstances of worth'. Situations are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A easy instance is perhaps 'Do not ever be offended, or you can be an unpleasant, shameful individual, and you'll not be loved.' The message this carries could be something like 'If I am indignant it means I'm worthless, therefore I must not ever be angry.' The person will inevitably feel indignant, probably frequently, and conclude from this that they must due to this fact be valueless, ugly, shameful. Another is perhaps 'If you don't do well academically, it means you are stupid and you'll be a failure in life'. This sort of situation will have a tendency to stay with the person indefinitely, and he or she may need been struggling for years to live as much as what is likely to be inconceivable circumstances of worth. If this type of inner conviction is brought to light, and it's roots understood fully, it might be that the particular person can see that it isn't truly true, it has been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Individual Centred Counsellor attempts to be 'with' the shopper as a type of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the person, no matter they are like, will lead to the particular person him or herself coming to really feel that she or he truly is acceptable, and coming into contact with a more genuine, 'organismic' self which has at all times been there not directly, but been hidden. They may then turn out to be more genuine, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or dwelling as much as the expectations of others.They could worth their own feelings more, positive or negative. They might begin to take pleasure in their experience of the moment. They may worth others more, and enjoy relating to them, fairly than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by creating a local weather of acceptance within which the client can find him or herself. Certain therapeutic situations facilitate this, situations laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These include:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This cannot be just acted, it needs to be real or will probably be worthless.

Total acceptance of the consumer, and optimistic regard for them, no matter how they seem to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the shopper is saying, and, additional, showing the consumer that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, therapy makes an attempt to foster an interplay which includes unconscious components of the client. A complete lifetime's expertise, most powerfully what the particular person has learned from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will decide the way in which the client pertains to others. This will come out in some form in the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist must be aware of what forces and influences may be at work in the client.

This approach does not embrace that idea of 'free will'. It does not see our thinking, feeling and resolution making as the results of aware awareness, but as the outcomes of many forces which are operating beneath acutely aware awareness. The individual is acting and regarding others largely as the outcome of the instincts they're born with, along with what they've learned about themselves, largely via the character of their shut relationships in early life.

The actual 'personality' is fashioned in the crucible of this early experience. If, for instance, the primary carer of the child has not fed her properly, this will be laid down in as an anxiety. This could also be simply about being fed, about getting sufficient to eat, or it may be prolonged by the toddler into associated things, comparable to trust (they've realized not to trust that food, or the carer, shall be there when wanted), or insecurity about life basically, or a feeling of there always being something lacking. A outcome may be overeating, say, or greed in different methods, for items, or neediness, anxious need for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad kinds of operations of this variety in the psyche, forming from birth, with every kind of subtleties and variations. They are almost all laid down in a degree of the individual which isn't accessible to the aware mind, and are acted out unconsciously.

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